Model United Nations provides students with the opportunity to learn about and discuss today’s most important issues in international diplomacy. Through participation in an academic simulation of the many bodies of the United Nations as well as similar international organizations, students gain important public speaking and research skills as well as learning about relevant world topics.
Delegates work together to fashion global solutions to complicated questions by representing real United Nations ambassadors and delegates. The process of pre-conference research and in-conference debate, caucusing, and resolution writing is facilitated by experienced officers and staffers.
Model United Nations allows participants to expand both their understanding and abilities of globally-relevant issues. Pre-conference research on a country’s domestic and foreign policies and their relevance to the topics at hand adds to participants’ knowledge and appreciation of world affairs.
By converting this research into resolutions and material for discussion in committee, students hone their analytical abilities. The debate and lobbying processes afford students the opportunity to practice their public speaking and conflict resolution skills. MUN participants come away from a conference with a more acute understanding of the world we live in and with a greater commitment to finding solutions for its problems.
What comprises a Model UN Experience?
1. Pre-conference research
Students are informed of their committee and country assignment well in advance of the conference. On the YMUN Korea website, delegates will find their committee webpage, where topics for the committee are posted. Most delegates begin their research with the Committee Research Report compiled by each committee’s chairs. These treasure troves of information serve as an excellent introduction to the topics, but delegates should research and study beyond the guides, starting with the useful websites provided in the guides. Delegates must research and understand not only the topics, but also their individual country’s relationship and view of the issues. To demonstrate the depth of their learning and preparation, delegates must write and submit a Position Paper on each topic.
2. In-conference debate
Each individual delegate will be representing a different country and thus will bring a different perspective to the issues at hand. Much of the time in committee will involve delegates making speeches to present their country’s positions and their ideas. Delegates will also be defending these ideas, considering and questioning those of others, and finally, modifying and combining ideas to create the most effective and fair solutions possible. Through in-conference debate, delegates refine their public speaking and debate skills, while simultaneously understanding the complexities of the issues they discuss from every angle.
3. Resolution writing
During an un-moderated caucus for each topic, delegates will work together to create clauses on the topic which will be submitted to the main resolution. During debate, committees will debate the resolution clause-by-clause before voting on the resolution as a whole. Committees will first debate topic 1 before moving on to topic 2. The completed resolutions represent the synthesis of the thought and discussion of the committee, and declare the committee’s specific action towards resolving the issues.
See a detailed description of debate format and procedure here.